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癫痫治疗全书APP癫痫发作的9个雷了解一下

来源:癫痫治疗全书APP 发布时间:2019-05-24 08:29:31

你是否曾在拥挤的火车站或者热闹的大街上看到有人突然倒地、全身抽搐、口吐白沫、表情扭曲、四肢僵硬,乃至大小便失禁这多半是癫痫发作,也就是我们常说的羊角风。

癫痫是一种大脑慢性中枢神经系统疾病,各种原因导致的大脑神经元突发性异常放电是癫痫发作的病理原因。通常认为癫痫的发作是自发的,但许多研究发现癫痫发作与患者所处环境、自身生理以及心理因素存在一定关联,即癫痫发作有多种诱因,正是这种研究发现给了癫痫患者预防发作、减少发作甚至控制发作的希望。

癫痫发作最常见的诱发因素,尤其是在同时伴有疲劳、睡眠剥夺时。应激分为急性应激和慢性应激:急性应激比如突发的亲人过世等,是国内临床和研究中重视的诱因;慢性应激比如日常生活中的压力,焦虑,抑郁等,在研究中容易被忽略。其实二者都很重要。国外不少专家指出急性应激导致癫痫发作,慢性应激增加癫痫发作频率,特别是当应激程度较重,持续时间较长或患病早期出现时。

所以,在日常生活中,即要学会自我疏导,调整心情,保持较好的心理状态,又要在突发重大应激事件时,尽量平复心情,控制情绪。另外可以通过冥想,瑜伽等活动减少应激程度,从而减少癫痫发作。

睡眠紊乱是指失眠(入睡困难、夜间觉醒>2次、早醒、睡眠时间<6h)、熬夜(0点之后入睡)等。睡眠与癫痫关系紧密,1/3患者存在睡眠中癫痫发作。目前认为睡眠紊乱能够降低癫痫发作阈值,导致脑电图(EEG)痫样放电和癫痫发作。很多癫痫患者没有意识到睡眠紊乱对于癫痫发作的影响,对睡眠障碍未加重视。睡眠紊乱的癫痫患者,优先解决睡眠障碍问题,对癫痫病情大有裨益。

三、疲劳

癫痫患者常伴有明显疲劳感,目前疲劳对癫痫的影响机制尚不明确,可以肯定的是疲劳和癫痫发作是相关联的。日常生活中,癫痫患者减少从事重体力工作,休息得当有助病情发展。

四、漏服药物

漏服药物是造成癫痫发作的又一大诱因。数据表明造成患者药物依从性差的首要原因是忘记服药,其次为无法负担药费和担心药物副作用。针对这个问题,只能说“药不能停”。坚持服药,配合治疗,才能减少发作,使病情得到控制。

五、食物

目前国内外并没有明确的科学数据证明食物和癫痫发作有必然的联系,因此不必特意禁食某一类食物,但在日常生活中,尽量少吃辛辣刺激食物、饮用烟酒咖啡等饮料,对健康不利。

六、饮酒

酒精与癫痫的关系早已引起人们重视,其虽为食物的一种,但较其他食物研究较多。酒精依赖者中癫痫发病率远高于普通人,同时,酒精也会增加癫痫发作频率,大部分考虑与酒精戒断有关。饮酒中男性比例明显高于女性。

七、发热

在儿童癫痫的诱因中,发热是最常见的诱因,远高于应激。因为儿童脑部发育尚未完善,发热易造成脑电活动异常。故儿童如有高热,家长应加以重视,及时就医,以免引发癫痫。

八、光刺激

在癫痫患者中,因强光刺激产生的阵发性脑电活动(光阵发性反应),有时可进一步引起癫痫发作,称为光敏性癫痫,具有遗传性,年龄依赖性,常见于女

性。对已确诊光敏性癫痫患者,避免诱发因素是治疗的最佳方法,电视诱发者应在照明条件较好的房间中,保持一定观看距离;电子游戏诱发者需要严格控制游戏时间。

九、运动

总的来说,运动时癫痫发作是很少的。鉴于运动在临床研究和动物实验中发现的抗癫痫作用和神经保护效应,可以作为一种补充治疗方法来减少癫痫发作。

其他诱因复杂多样,且因人而已,此处不一一赘述。总之大多数诱因可以通过行为来规避,需要患者根据自身癫痫发作情况不断总结,减少暴露在诱因中,最终减少癫痫发作。



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0.3668
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  1. 模型: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/view/default/article.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\wwwroot\www\app\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-09-21 21:20:12
  7. 当前网协: 35.171.146.16
  8. 请求路径: /dxzlqs/2241.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.3668
  10. 内存开销: 1.46 MB
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      10. #9 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\control.class.php
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      12. #11 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\db\db_mysql.class.php
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      18. #17 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\plugin\tw_sitemap\conf.php
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      29. #28 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\tpl\sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类