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癫痫大发作的处理方法

来源: 发布时间:2021-06-22 08:26:03

癫痫大发作是一种常见的神经类疾病,主要特征是突然丧失意识和全身抽搐,外伤、脑缺血缺氧、脑肿瘤、脑血管病、原发因素等都可能是癫痫大发作的发病原因,而且这种发作往往导致舌咬伤、呼吸道感染、呼吸性酸中毒、脑水肿等并发症状的出现,严重危害患者的生命健康。


  癫痫大发作是一种常见的神经类疾病,主要特征是突然丧失意识和全身抽搐,这种突然的发作起源于双侧大脑皮层以及皮层下结构所组成的致痫网络中的某一个点并且快速波及到整个网络之中,外伤、脑缺血缺氧、脑肿瘤、脑血管病、原发因素等都可以导致癫痫大发作,而且这种发作往往导致舌咬伤、呼吸道感染、呼吸性酸中毒、脑水肿等并发症状,不过癫痫经过积极的治疗症状可以得到有效的控制,一部分的患者经过消除病因之后是可以完全治愈的。


  癫痫大发作的典型症状是骨骼肌出现持续性的收缩,上眼睑抬起,眼球上窜,喉部痉挛发出不受控制的喊叫声,口部先强张而后又紧闭起来,患者可能会咬破自己的舌尖。患者的颈部和躯干会先屈曲接着反张,上肢自上部抬起,而后旋转为向内收缩、向前旋转。下肢则从屈曲转变为强烈的伸直状态。临床上一般将癫痫分为先兆期、强直期、阵挛期、恢复期,对于该疾病的治疗主要包括发作期的应急处理和疾病发作期间的规范性药物治疗以及手术治疗。


  癫痫病可以采用手术治疗的方法,有切除性手术,也就是通过综合地评估和定位之后整个地切除掉导致癫痫的病灶部位,还有功能性手术,也就是通过阻断癫痫发作的传导机制来减少癫痫发作或者改变其发作的形式,方法有立体定向破坏损毁皮层下导致癫痫的病灶、阻断痫性放电的传播途径等等。或者采用其他方法来治疗,比如神经调控,用电或者化学的方式,通过改变神经系统的功能或者状态来取得良好的治疗效果。


  对于癫痫病患者在护理时要注意几个问题,首先,当患者出现发作症状时,要保护好他的舌头,防止舌咬伤;其次,当患者处于发作期时要使其平躺,松开其衣领,将患者的头转向一侧,方便排出呼吸道分泌物以及呕吐物,防止这些物体流进气管当中而引起呛咳甚至窒息;最后,在患者出现抽搐症状时要注意不要向其口中塞进任何物体,不要灌输药物,以防使患者窒息死亡。另外,在患者阵挛期切记不可强制性按压住患者的四肢,以防使其肌肉拉伤或者骨折。


  



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  1. 模型: /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/view/default/article.htm
  3. 控制器: /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: /www/wwwroot/app/index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2021-07-31 23:21:08
  7. 当前网协: 3.236.68.118
  8. 请求路径: /dxtt/5629.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.0232
  10. 内存开销: 1.38 MB
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  2. #1 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  3. #2 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  4. #3 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5629' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0008s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='5629' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' AND id<'5629' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 669]
  7. #6 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5623' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  8. #7 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' AND id>'5629' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 27]
  9. #8 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5637' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  10. #9 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='navigate' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  22. #21 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_13' LIMIT 1 [explain type: | rows: ]
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  26. #25 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5889' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  27. #26 [time:0.0000s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_2' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  29. #28 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5890' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  30. #29 [time:0.0000s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_3' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  31. #30 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 782]
  32. #31 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5891' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  33. #32 [time:0.0000s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_4' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  34. #33 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 781]
  35. #34 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5892' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  36. #35 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 697]
  37. #36 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5893' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0000s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  39. #38 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 706]
  40. #39 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5894' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  41. #40 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  42. #41 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='7' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 641]
  43. #42 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5895' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  44. #43 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  45. #44 [time:0.0001s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 572]
  46. #45 [time:0.0001s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='5896' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
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  2. #action => index
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      3. #2 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/config/config.inc.php
      4. #3 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/base.func.php
      5. #4 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/core.class.php
      6. #5 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/debug.class.php
      7. #6 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/log.class.php
      8. #7 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/model.class.php
      9. #8 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/view.class.php
      10. #9 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/base/control.class.php
      11. #10 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/db/db.interface.php
      12. #11 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/db/db_mysql.class.php
      13. #12 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/cache/cache.interface.php
      14. #13 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/cache/cache_memcache.class.php
      15. #14 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/config/plugin.inc.php
      16. #15 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/plugin/editor_um/conf.php
      17. #16 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/plugin/tw_links/conf.php
      18. #17 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/plugin/tw_sitemap/conf.php
      19. #18 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_control/parseurl_control.class.php
      20. #19 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_model/runtime_model.class.php
      21. #20 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_control/show_control.class.php
      22. #21 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_model/category_model.class.php
      23. #22 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_model/cms_content_model.class.php
      24. #23 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_view/default,article.htm.php
      25. #24 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_model/cms_content_data_model.class.php
      26. #25 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/runtime/twcms_model/kv_model.class.php
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      29. #28 /www/wwwroot/app/twcms/kongphp/tpl/sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类