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癫痫好医生app常见的抗癫痫药物有哪些

来源:癫痫好医生app 发布时间:2019-08-12 08:36:41

  抗癫痫药物是治疗癫痫病的主要药物,患者也要注意根据自己的癫痫病类型选用最合适的药物,目前临床中常用的治疗癫痫大发作和局限性发作的药物包括了苯妥英钠以及苯巴比妥、扑米酮等等。常用的治疗癫痫持续状态的药物有地西泮、苯甲二氮卓等。

  对于癫痫病患者来说,坚持进行治疗非常重要,但在治疗时也要注意选用最合适的药物,才能保证得到最好的治疗效果,防止发生更多并发症。

  一、常用的治疗癫痫大发作和局限性发作的药物:

  1、苯妥英钠:这种药物的作用较强,疗效也非常好,是癫痫大发作患者的首选药物,还可用来治疗精神运动性发作以及对局限性发作,但是此药起效速度缓慢,患者在口服3~4天之后才会显示效果,因此多用来维持治疗和预防发作。

  2、苯巴比妥:这类药物的作用是恢复大发作脑电正常,其优点包括了作用快、毒性低、安全性高、维持时间长。但患者使用期间不能突然停药,而长期使用可能成瘾。

  3、扑米酮:此类药物可治疗癫痫大发作、局限性发作、精神运动性发作,虽然效果比较好但不如苯妥英钠。儿童对扑米酮具有耐受性,因此使用剂量需要增大。

  二、常用于癫痫持续状态的药物:

  1、安定:常用的治疗癫痫持续状态的安定类药物包括了地西泮、苯甲二氮卓,通过静脉滴注显效快、不良反应少,但是长期服用可引起惊厥。

  2、氯硝基安定:这种药物的抗惊厥作用是安定安定类药物的5倍,并且属于广谱抗癫痫药物,相对于其它药物来说其作用快,疗效稳定,药效维持时间也比较长。

  三、常用于治疗癫痫小发作的药物:乙琥胺是治疗癫痫失神小发作的首选药物,但是这类药物会导致癫痫大发作症状加重,因此并没有大发作症状的患者在使用时需要合用苯妥英钠或者苯巴比妥。其他常用的治疗癫痫小发作的药物还有苯琥胺(米隆丁)、三甲双酮(解痉酮)、香荚兰醛(香草醛)、乙酰唑胺(醋氮酰胺)等。

  最后要提醒大家的是,无论使用任何一种抗癫痫药物,都应该经过专业医生指导,并且在用药之前还要注意做好各项检查,以保证得到最好的治疗效果。



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0.3541
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  1. 模型: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/model/
  2. 视图: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/view/default/article.htm
  3. 控制器: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/control/show_control.class.php
  4. 日志目录: D:\wwwroot\www\app/twcms/runtime/logs/
  5. 当前页面: D:\wwwroot\www\app\index.php
  6. 当前时间: 2019-08-20 06:17:11
  7. 当前网协: 34.239.158.107
  8. 请求路径: /dxhys/2393.html
  9. 运行时间: 0.3541
  10. 内存开销: 1.46 MB
  1. #0 [time:0.0002s] SET character_set_connection=utf8, character_set_results=utf8, character_set_client=binary, sql_mode=''
  2. #1 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cfg' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  3. #2 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_1' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  4. #3 [time:0.0006s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2393' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  5. #4 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_data WHERE id='2393' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  6. #5 [time:0.0004s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' AND id<'2393' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 318]
  7. #6 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2392' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  8. #7 [time:0.0007s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' AND id>'2393' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: range | rows: 6]
  9. #8 [time:0.0005s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2401' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  10. #9 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_kv WHERE k='navigate' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  11. #10 [time:0.0002s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_app ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,7 [explain type: index | rows: 7]
  12. #11 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_app WHERE id='9' OR id='14' OR id='16' OR id='17' OR id='18' OR id='19' OR id='20' [explain type: ALL | rows: 12]
  13. #12 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,5 [explain type: ref | rows: 324]
  14. #13 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='1' OR id='4' OR id='5' OR id='6' OR id='7' [explain type: range | rows: 5]
  15. #14 [time:0.0003s] SELECT cid FROM tw_category ORDER BY orderby ASC [explain type: ALL | rows: 8]
  16. #15 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='1' OR cid='2' OR cid='3' OR cid='4' OR cid='5' OR cid='6' OR cid='7' OR cid='8' [explain type: ALL | rows: 8]
  17. #16 [time:0.0003s] SELECT flag,id FROM tw_cms_article_flag WHERE flag='1' AND cid='1' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,5 [explain type: ref | rows: 3]
  18. #17 [time:0.0002s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article_flag WHERE flag='1' AND id='6' OR flag='1' AND id='5' OR flag='1' AND id='4' [explain type: range | rows: 3]
  19. #18 [time:0.0004s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='6' OR id='5' OR id='4' [explain type: range | rows: 3]
  20. #19 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_app ORDER BY id ASC LIMIT 0,16 [explain type: index | rows: 12]
  21. #20 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_app WHERE id='9' OR id='14' OR id='16' OR id='17' OR id='18' OR id='19' OR id='20' OR id='21' OR id='22' OR id='23' OR id='24' OR id='25' [explain type: ALL | rows: 12]
  22. #21 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_13' LIMIT 1 [explain type: | rows: ]
  23. #22 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_category WHERE cid='13' LIMIT 1 [explain type: | rows: ]
  24. #23 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='1' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 324]
  25. #24 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2441' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  26. #25 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_2' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  27. #26 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='2' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 294]
  28. #27 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2442' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  29. #28 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_3' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  30. #29 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='3' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 327]
  31. #30 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2443' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  32. #31 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_4' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  33. #32 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='4' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 311]
  34. #33 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2444' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  35. #34 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_5' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  36. #35 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='5' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 296]
  37. #36 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2445' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  38. #37 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_6' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  39. #38 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='6' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 280]
  40. #39 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2446' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  41. #40 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_7' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  42. #41 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='7' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 286]
  43. #42 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2447' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  44. #43 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_runtime WHERE k='cate_8' LIMIT 1 [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  45. #44 [time:0.0003s] SELECT id FROM tw_cms_article WHERE cid='8' ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 0,1 [explain type: ref | rows: 295]
  46. #45 [time:0.0003s] SELECT * FROM tw_cms_article WHERE id='2448' [explain type: const | rows: 1]
  1. #control => show
  2. #action => index
  3. #cid => 1
  4. #id => 2393
      1. #0 D:\wwwroot\www\app\index.php
      2. #1 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\kongphp.php
      3. #2 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\config\config.inc.php
      4. #3 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\base.func.php
      5. #4 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\core.class.php
      6. #5 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\debug.class.php
      7. #6 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\log.class.php
      8. #7 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\model.class.php
      9. #8 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\view.class.php
      10. #9 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\base\control.class.php
      11. #10 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\db\db.interface.php
      12. #11 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\db\db_mysql.class.php
      13. #12 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache.interface.php
      14. #13 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\cache\cache_memcache.class.php
      15. #14 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\config\plugin.inc.php
      16. #15 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\plugin\editor_um\conf.php
      17. #16 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\plugin\tw_links\conf.php
      18. #17 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\plugin\tw_sitemap\conf.php
      19. #18 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\parseurl_control.class.php
      20. #19 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\runtime_model.class.php
      21. #20 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_control\show_control.class.php
      22. #21 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\category_model.class.php
      23. #22 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_model.class.php
      24. #23 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_view\default,article.htm.php
      25. #24 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_data_model.class.php
      26. #25 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\kv_model.class.php
      27. #26 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\ext\utf8.class.php
      28. #27 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\runtime\twcms_model\cms_content_flag_model.class.php
      29. #28 D:\wwwroot\www\app\twcms\kongphp\tpl\sys_trace.php
      1. #0 utf8 类